Второй ежегодный Политический форум высокого уровня по устойчивому развитию (ЭКОСОС ООН, Нью-Йорк)

Prototype of Global Sustainable Development Report

 Contents

1. Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1. Context ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

1.2. “Prototype” UN report ............................................................................................................................................................... 3

1.3. Participation and consultations .................................................................................................................................................. 3

1.4. Objective and scope ................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1.5. Outline ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

2. Assessments for sustainable development ................................................................................................................................... 8

2.1. Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

2.2. International assessments .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

2.3. National assessments ............................................................................................................................................................... 16

2.4. Designing assessment processes to link knowledge with action .............................................................................................. 20

2.5. Emerging issues identified by science ...................................................................................................................................... 21

3. Review of progress ...................................................................................................................................................................... 23

3.1. Sustainable development trends and progress ........................................................................................................................ 23

3.2. Reflection on synergies and trade-offs ..................................................................................................................................... 36

3.3. Progress in terms of commitments on sustainable development ............................................................................................ 40

3.4. Perspectives: Making sense of the debate on sustainable development progress .................................................................. 42

4. Visions, scenarios and future pathways toward sustainable development ................................................................................ 43

4.1. If we continue like in the past: a “dynamics-as-usual scenario” 2010-2050 ............................................................................ 43

4.2. A better world we can achieve: a sustainable development scenario ..................................................................................... 47

4.3. The most likely world in 2050? A prediction for the world in 2052 ......................................................................................... 51

4.4. Note on global scenarios at the science-policy interface ......................................................................................................... 51

4.5. Investment and technology needs and market potentials ....................................................................................................... 54

5. Measuring progress .................................................................................................................................................................... 58

5.1. Measuring progress towards internationally agreed commitments ........................................................................................ 58

5.2. Global initiatives on measuring overall progress ...................................................................................................................... 63

5.3. Monitoring development from space and beyond: filling data gaps in the poorest countries with “big data” approaches ... 74

5.4. The way forward ....................................................................................................................................................................... 81

6. Special theme: The climate-land-energy-water-development nexus ......................................................................................... 83

6.1. From integrated assessment to the climate-land-energy-water-development nexus ............................................................. 83

6.2. Interlinked issues: climate, land/food, energy, water, materials, and development ............................................................... 84

6.3. Hierarchy of assessments ......................................................................................................................................................... 87

6.4. Global CLEWS model – an open source, open-data approach ................................................................................................. 88

6.5. Landscape of CLEWD nexus applications: subnational, national, regional, and cross-border river basins .............................. 88

6.6. Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................................................ 96

7. Selected science digests .............................................................................................................................................................. 97

7.1. Ocean Acidification ................................................................................................................................................................... 97

7.2. Marine microbial ecology and bioreactors ............................................................................................................................... 99

7.3. Protein substitutes and the livestock sector .......................................................................................................................... 100

8. Issues for Consideration ............................................................................................................................................................ 103

8.1. Lessons-learnt from the preparation of the present prototype ............................................................................................. 103

8.2. Selected issues ........................................................................................................................................................................ 104

8.3. Options for scope and methodology of a global sustainable development report ................................................................ 105

 

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